Weekly Macro Data Coverage Nov 18, 2019

Key Highlights:

  • Overall liquidity in the system exceeded Rs. 2 lakh crore during the first week of November 2019
  • During the first month of H2, 10-yr GSec yields have reduced by only 18 bps only, when short-term maturity bonds (90 days and 364 days T-bills) saw yields reduce by 36 bps.
  • USD-INR currency pair remained below 71 for a month, eventually reaching a 2-month high of 71.73 during the second week of November 2019.
  • Resolution of Essar steel case in Supreme Court will encourage foreign investment and will have a positive impact on the Indian rupee.

Liquidity

The WACR-repo spread reduced to 12 bps as the liquidity in the system further increased. The overall liquidity in the system exceeded Rs. 2 lakh crore during the first week of November 2019. The surplus liquidity is a result of higher inflow of cheap money (inflow as a result of lower interest rate abroad), which is in turn a function of rising primary liquidity in the global system. We note that in the current situation, the RBI has been using reverse Repo operations to absorb excess liquidity from the system rather than though OMOs. This is primarily happening because of RBI’s focused approach to supply adequate collaterals to commercial banks, which can then use them at the LAF window at times of need. OMO operations on the other hand would have included non-bank institutions, which often times exhaust their quotas and cannot go beyond a threshold anyway.

Capital Market

On the domestic capital market front, during the first month of the second half, 10 year GSec yields has reduced by only 18 bps. On the other hand, short-term maturity bond yields (90 days and 364 days T-bills) have reduced by 36 bps during the same period. On the global market front, US 10-year sovereign yield has been softening as there is no progress in US-China trade deal. The yield had reached 1.95% as a no progress in trade deal hints no early recovery in economic outlook and therefore calls for a dovish Fed outlook.

Currency Trend

The USD-INR currency pair remained below 71 for a month, eventually reaching 2-month high of 71.73 during the second week of November 2019. The sharp contraction of almost 1.16% over a week was the market’s reaction to Moody’s revised rating outlook for India. Ideally, emerging economy currencies follow movement of USD-CNY currency pair. As the EMs currencies are strengthening against the USD, Indian rupee is expected to recover soon. There is a renewed interest of foreign investors in Indian asset classes lately, forex reserve have accelerated for the past two months and has reached $447.8 billion. Furthermore, the resolution of Essar steel case in Supreme Court will encourage foreign investment and will have a positive impact on the Indian rupee.

Interest rates and ratio:

Interest Rate

Nov 09

Oct 11

Oct 18

Oct 25

Nov 01

Nov 08

2018

2019

2019

2019

2019

2019

Policy Repo Rate

6.50

5.15

5.15

5.15

5.15

5.15

Call Money Rate (WA)

6.43

5.06

5.05

5.07

5.08

5.03

364-Day Treasury Bill Yield

7.42

5.41

5.37

5.32

5.30

5.24

2-Yr Indian G-Sec

7.42

5.67

5.64

5.62

5.67

5.60

10-Yr Indian G-Sec

7.81

6.54

6.57

6.58

6.54

6.67

10-Yr US G-Sec

3.07

1.75

1.80

1.71

1.95

1.84

AAA (Indian corporate)

8.86

7.72

7.61

7.97

7.65

7.53

Spread in bps (10Yr Indian- US)

475

479

477

487

460

483

Credit/Deposit Ratio

77.05

75.66

-

75.81

-

-

USD LIBOR (3 month)

2.1730

1.7926

1.8381

1.8028

1.5921

1.5509

Forward Premia of US$ 1-month

4.12

3.72

3.79

3.38

3.39

3.03

US$ 3-month

4.01

3.80

3.71

3.61

3.70

3.42

US$ 6-month

4.07

4.08

4.05

3.99

4.13

3.93

Source: RBI, Investing.com


Deposit (In Rs. Lakh cr)

Bank Credit (In Rs. Lakh cr)

As on Oct 25,2019

129.78

98.39

As on Sep 27,2019

129.06

97.67

As on Oct 26,2018

117.71

90.34

YTD (% change)

0.56%

0.73%

YoY (% change)

10.25%

8.91%

Source: RBI


Money Market Performance

Commercial Paper (Fortnight):

Outstanding (In Rs. Billion)

Amount issued (In Rs. Billion)

30-Jun-19

5,039.40

1076.9

15-Jun-19

5,561.80

1078.7

30-Jun-18

4,918.30

1267.3

% Change (MoM)

-9.39%

-0.17%

% Change (YoY)

2.46%

-15.02%

Source: RBI


Indices

 

09-Nov-18

18-Oct-19

25-Oct-19

01-Nov-19

08-Nov-19

NSE Index

10,585.20

11,661.85

11,583.90

11,890.60

11,908.15

NSE Index Return

0.31

3.16

-0.67

2.65

0.15

BSE Index

35,158.55

39,298.38

39,058.06

40,165.03

40,323.61

BSE Index Return

0.42

3.07

-0.61

2.83

0.39


Liquidity Operation by RBI:


Source: RBI, Acuité Research;

Note: Net injection (+) and Net absorption (-)

Source: RBI


Policy Corridor and WACR




Corporate debt (in Rs. Lakh Cr)




Net Debt Issuance by Centre and State Government (Rs. Billion)

Source: Acuité Research, RBI



Commodity Price Index (3 Month Moving Average)




Commodity Price Movement (3 Month Moving Average)




USD-INR Movement

Source: RBI, Acuité Research


Our exciting journey started in 2005 with rating of bank borrowers most of whom were small and medium enterprises. At that time, credit rating was a concept known only to large issuers of capital market instruments. Since then, like a caterpillar transforms itself into a beautiful butterfly, we transformed to rate bonds, bank facilities of large corporates and issuers across industries. Along came many achievements - SEBI Registration in 2011, RBI accreditation in 2012, 50,000 ratings in 2018, 5,000 Bond and Bank Loan Ratings in 2017, launch of India's first Android and iPhone app to disseminate rating, tamper-proof QR-code-enabled rating rationales, and SMERA Terminal to name a few.

Now is the time to re-emphasize our increasing footprint across all segments of ratings through the launch of our new name - 'Acuité'.

The name has changed. The spirit of upholding highest standards of analytical rigour, continuous improvement, excellence in our processes and quest for innovation remains the same. We would like to re-emphasize that we will continue to work hard to provide independent, unbiased and timely opinion of highest standard.

Acuité means 'sharpness and clarity of thought and vision'. Let our research and ratings help you take decisions with confidence.


Sankar Chakraborti
CEO