Weekly Macro Data Coverage December 18, 2018

Key Highlights:

  • The spread between Repo and WACR reached 14 bps in first week of December, 2018
  • Credit deposit ratio stands at an all-time high of 77.30
  • Both credit and deposit are growing at a healthy rate with 15.1 and 9.4% respectively
  • Global and domestic factors collectively driving down the 10 year Indian G-Sec bond yield
  • Spread between 10-year Indian G-Sec yield and 364 T bill rates have come down to 26 bps in first week of December, which was above 100 bps a year earlier - signifying a flattening yield curve
  • A lower spread between short term and long term bond yield will adversely impact the profitability of banks
  • USD-INR currency pair was quite volatile on account of political risk in second week of December, 2018


Liquidity condition in the domestic market seems to have stabilized positively. The spread between Repo and WACR reached 14 bps in first week of December, 2018. This indicates rising liquidity in the system and a return to pre September situation. Liquidity has been at ex-ante surplus in recent weeks - a phenomenon which is a result of recent interventions by RBI through OMO operations. Credit deposit ratio on the other hand stands at an all-time high of 77.30. Both credit and deposits are growing at a healthy rate of 15.1 and 9.4%, respectively. However, one must consider that whenever credit offtake outpaces growth in deposits, deposit rates are expected to rise in the short to medium term.

Capital Market:

Global bond market witnessed a downward trend in sovereign bond yields. Recent macro numbers for various major countries indicate a mild global demand. Therefore, investors are concerned about a looming slowdown in economic outlook. US yields are also somewhat stable given Fed Governor’s market calming speech, which extends the argument of a delayed normalization.

In domestic market, both global and domestic factors are collectively driving down the 10-year Indian G-Sec yield curve. It is known that the sovereign bond yield is on downward roll over the past 10 weeks. The spread between 10-year Indian G-Sec bond yield and 364 T bills rates has come down to 26 bps in the first week of December; to get things in perspective, the spread was above 100 bps a year earlier. We note that a lower spread between short term and long term bond yields will adversely impact the profitability of banks.

Currency Trend:

The USD-INR currency pair has been quite volatile on account of political risk in second week of December. However, the Indian rupee is recovering quickly. Currently the currency pair is trading at 70.45 as against a weekly average of 71.74 in the previous week. With favourable macro variables, arrested US normalization and stabilizing capital inflows, the domestic currency is expected to remain firm against the US dollar.

Interest Rate  Dec.08, 2017  Nov.10, 2018  Nov.16, 2018 Nov.23, 2018 Nov.30, 2018 Dec.07, 2018 
Policy Repo Rate 6.00 6.50 6.50 6.50 6.50 6.50
Call Money Rate (WA) 5.83 6.43 6.38 6.42 6.39 6.36
364-Day Treasury Bill Yield  6.25 7.42 7.33 7.27 7.22 7.15
2-Yr Indian G-Sec  7.26 7.42 7.35 7.30 7.24 7.18
10-Yr Indian G-Sec  7.27 7.81 7.85 7.77 7.64 7.41
10-Yr US G-Sec 2.37 3.08 3.05 2.99 2.84 2.89
10Yr India-US Spread 490.00 473.00 480.00 431.00 480.00 452.00
AAA Indian Corporate 7.77 8.67 8.78 8.76 8.69 8.63
AA Indian Corporate 8.00 - - - - -
AAA to10 YR Indian bond spread 50.00 86.00 93.00 99.00 105.00 122.00
Credit/Deposit Ratio 73.63 77.05 - 77.30 - -
USD LIBOR 2.75 2.64 2.64 2.69 2.77 2.80

Source: RBI, Investing.com

Interest rates and ratio

  Deposit (In Rs. Lakh cr) Bank Credit (In Rs. Lakh cr) 
As on Nov 23, 2018  118.14 91.32
As on Nov 09, 2018  118.26 91.11
As on Nov 23, 2017 107.95 79.35
YTD (% change)  -0.10% 0.23%
YoY (% change) 9.44% 15.09%


Commercial Paper (Fortnight): Outstanding  (In Rs. Lakh cr)  Amount issued (In Rs. Lakh cr) 
30-Nov-18 5.60 1.30
31-Oct-18 5.88 0.95
15-Nov-17 4.73 0.96
% Change (MoM) -0.05 0.37
% Change (YoY) 0.18 0.35

Source: RBI


Indices  14 Dec, 2017 23 Nov, 2018 30 Nov, 2018 07 Dec, 2018 14 Dec, 2018
NSE Index  10,530.70 10,526.75 10,876.75 10,693.70 10,805.45
NSE Index Return 2.97 -1.46 3.32 -1.68 1.05
BSE Index 34,056.83 34,981.02 36,194.30 35,673.25 35,962.93
BSE Index Return 2.74 -1.34 3.47 -1.44 0.81

Liquidity Operation by RBI:

Source: RBI
Note: Net injection (+) and Net absorption (-)

Corporate Bond Position (in Rs. lakh cr):

Source: RBI, Acuité Research

Market Borrowings of Central and State Governments (in Rs. Billion)

USD-INR Movement

Source: RBI, Acuité Research

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